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A zip line or zip-lineziplinezip wireaerial runway UKflying fox Australia and New Zealandor foefie slide South Africa      consists of a pulley suspended on a cableusually made of stainless steelmounted on a slope. It is designed to enable cargo or a person propelled by gravity Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy travel from the top to the bottom of the inclined cable Billy Idol - Speed holding on to or being attached to the freely moving pulley.
It has been described as essentially a Tyrolean traverse that engages gravity to assist its speed of movement. Ropeways or aerial cables have been used as a method of transport in some mountainous countries for more than 2, years, possibly starting in ChinaIndia and Japan as early as BC,  remaining in use in some remote areas in China such as Nujiang Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy valley in Yunnan as late as before being replaced by bridges.
Various technological advances in Europe in the Middle Ages improved the ropeways, some of which were still assisted by gravity. The first recorded use of the zip-line as a form of entertainment was possibly inwhen Robert Cadmana steeplejack and ropesliderdied when descending from Shrewsbury's St Mary's Church when his rope snapped.
In literature, one appears in The Invisible Man  published by H. Wells as part of a Whit Monday fair and referred to as "an inclined strong". Some sources attribute the development of zip-lines used today as a vacation activity to the Tyrolean traverses developed for mountaineering purposes.
In the Australian outbackzip-lines known as flying foxes in Australian English were sometimes used for delivering necessities to people working in or on the other side of a valley, and they may have been used in conflicts by Australian troops to deliver food, mail and even ammunition to forward positions.
YungasBoliviafeatures a system of zip-lines used for transporting harvested crops, mainly cocaacross a valley m below. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the use of aerial ropeways for transporting cargo, partly due to their low energy requirements and environmental impact. Gravity-fed types, i. Zip-lines may be designed for children 's play and found on some adventure playgrounds. Inclines are fairly shallow and so the speeds kept relatively low, negating the need for a means of stopping.
Return of the grip or seat is usually done by simply pushing or pulling via a short wire it back to the top of the hill on foot. Longer and higher rides are often used as a means of accessing remote areas, such as a rainforest canopy. In the s, wildlife biologists set up zip-lines as a way to study and explore the dense rainforests of Costa Rica without disturbing the environment. The business idea for zip-line canopy tours developed from these. Darren Hreniuk, a Canadian citizen who moved to Costa Rica inaround the same time that a scene in the film Medicine Man incorporated the treetop rides, with the goal of using canopy tours to help raise awareness for reforestation, education and socio-economic development in the surrounding Rock-A-Hula-Luau (Summer Is Coming) - Various - Grease 2 (Original Soundtrack Recording). The patent was later annulled and brought uncertainty to zip-line businesses, before being reinstated after 20 years.
A canopy tour sometimes called a zip-line tour provides a route through a wooded and often mountainous landscape making primary use of zip-lines and aerial bridges between platforms built in trees. Tourists are harnessed to a cable for safety, and many are restricted to adults. Heights vary from a close to the ground to high up near the treetops. The terminology varies canopy tour, zip-lining, flying fox and the line between using zip-lines for ecotourism and zip-lining as an adventure sport is often not clearly drawn.
A type of pulley with a grooved wheel known as a sheave is used in zip-lines, and the pulley turns as it travels along, thus reducing friction and enabling greater speed than would otherwise be possible.
The zip-line trolley is the frame or assembly together with the pulley inside that run along the cable. This could include a harness, seat, a cabin or often just a handhold in smaller playground applications, that attaches to the pulley by a pivoting link or carabiner Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy secures the load, allowing the person or cargo to travel Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy the line.
Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy be propelled by gravity, the cable needs Dedicated To Wariat - Various - [Un]reachable Canopy be on a fairly steep slope.
Even then the rider or cargo will often not travel completely to the end although this will depend on the loadand some means of safely stopping the car at the bottom end is usually needed with the larger zip-lines. Users of zip-lines must have means of stopping themselves. Professional versions of zip-lines used as an outdoor adventure activity are usually operated at high speeds, covering long distances and sometimes at considerable heights.
Riders are physically attached to the cable by a harness that attaches to a removable trolley. A helmet is required on almost all courses of any size.
All zip-line cables have some degree of sag, so the proper tensioning of a cable is important Memsahib Of Gub And Ghee - Muslimgauze - A Putrid Oasis allows tuning the ride of a zip-line. Regulation of the zip-lining industry throughout the world has come under scrutiny in the wake of a number of accidents around the world, and since the industry has been expanding so rapidly in there were an estimated commercial zip-lines in the US and a further 13, private ones; in the five years up tohundreds of zip-line businesses opened in the US alone.
There is no official record of zip-lining fatalities, but there were more than a dozen news reports of deaths in the US between and In the US there are three regulatory bodies, but they act in an advisory capacity only; according to Shawn Tierney, director of the Association for Challenge Course Technology ACCTthere's a "kind of a patchwork of regulation that varies from state to state". The PRCA was a more industry focused association with less vendor dominance.
There is currently no official Guinness World Record for the world's steepest zip-line, so certainty is difficult to establish, but some contenders have been:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Canopy tour. For other uses of "Zipline", see Zipline disambiguation.
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