Label: Discara - 102 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: France • Genre: Rock, Funk / Soul • Style: Boogie, Rock & Roll
Boogie-woogie is a music genre that became popular during the late s, developed in African-American communities in the s. While the blues traditionally expresses a variety of emotions, boogie-woogie is mainly associated with dancing. Now, when I tell you to hold yourself, don't you move a peg. And when I tell you to get it, I want you to Boogie Woogie!
Boogie-woogie is characterized by a regular left-hand bass figurewhich is transposed following the chord changes. Boogie-woogie is not strictly a solo piano style; it can accompany singers and be featured in orchestras and small combos. It is sometimes called "eight to the bar "as much of it is written in common time 4 4 time using eighth notes quavers see time signature. For the most part, boogie-woogie tunes are twelve-bar bluesalthough the style has been applied to popular songs such as " Swanee River " and hymns such as " Just a Closer Walk with Thee ".
Several African terms have been suggested as having some interesting linguistic precursors to "boogie": Among them are the:. In sheet music literature prior tothere are at least three examples of the word "boogie" in music titles in the archives of the Library of Congress.
In"The Boogie Man" had occurred as the title of published music. The first use of "Boogie" in a recording title appears to be a "blue cylinder" recording made by Edison of the "American Quartet" performing "That Syncopated Boogie Boo" in None of these sheet music or audio recording examples contain the musical elements that would identify them as boogie-woogie. The recordings two takes of " Weary Blues " by the Louisiana Five contained the same boogie-woogie bass figure as appears in the "Weary Blues" sheet music by Artie Matthews.
Tennison has recognized these recordings as the earliest sound recordings which contain a boogie-woogie bass figure. Lead Belly, who was born in MooringsportLa. Lead Belly also said he heard boogie-woogie piano in the Fannin Street district of Shreveport, Louisiana. Texas, as the state of origin, became reinforced by Jelly Roll Mortonwho said he heard the boogie piano style there early in the 20th century, as did Leadbelly and Bunk Johnsonaccording to Rosetta Reitz.
The first time Hey You/Loner - Blackmarket - St. Vincent Decor modern-day spelling of "boogie-woogie" was used in a title of a published audio recording of music appears to be Pine Top Smith's December recording In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie", a song whose lyrics contain dance instructions to "boogie-woogie".
The earliest documented inquiries into the geographical origin of boogie-woogie occurred in the late s when oral histories from the oldest living Americans of both African and European descent revealed a broad consensus that boogie-woogie piano was first played in Texas in the early s.
Additional citations place the origins of boogie-woogie in the Piney Woods of northeast Texas. The first Negroes who played what is called boogie-woogie, or house-rent music, and attracted attention in In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie slums where other Negroes held jam sessions, were from Texas.
And all the Old-time Texans, black or white, are agreed that boogie piano players were first heard in the lumber and turpentine camps, where nobody was at home at all. The style dates from the early s. This style was often referred to as a 'fast western' or 'fast blues' as differentiated from the 'slow blues' of New Orleans and St.
At these gatherings the ragtime and blues boys could easily tell from what section of the country a man came, even going so far as to name the town, by his interpretation of a piece. According to Tennison, when he interviewed Lee Ree Sullivan in Texarkana inSullivan told him that he was familiar with "Fast Western" and "Fast Texas" as terms to refer to boogie-woogie in general, but not to denote the use of any specific bass figure used in boogie-woogie.
Although the "Texas Western" Railroad Company changed its name to "Southern Pacific", Sullivan said the name "Texas Western" stuck among the slaves who constructed the first railway hub in northeast Texas from Swanson's Spellbound - Dennis Brown - Spellbound to the city of Marshall.
A key La Bamba - Various - Best Of The 80s identifying the geographical area in which boogie-woogie originated is understanding the relationship of boogie-woogie music with the steam railroad, both in the sense of how the music might have been influenced by sounds associated with the arrival of steam locomotives as well as the cultural impact the sudden emergence of the railroad might have had.
The railroad did not "arrive" in northeast Texas as In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie extension of track from existing lines from the north or the east. Beginning with the formation of the Texas Western Railroad Company in Marshall, Texas, through the subsequent establishment in of the Texas and Pacific Railway company, which located its headquarters and shops there, Marshall was the only railroad hub in the Piney Woods of northeast Texas at the time the music developed.
The sudden appearance of steam locomotives, and the building of mainline tracks and tap lines to serve logging operations was pivotal to the creation of the music in terms of its sound and rhythm. It was also crucial to the rapid migration of the musical style from the rural barrel house camps to the cities and towns served by the Texas and Pacific Railway Company.
Boogie-woogie forever changed piano playing, as ham-handed black piano players transformed the instrument into a polyrhythmic railroad train. In the television broadcast of Britain's The South Bank Show about boogie-woogie, music historian Paul Oliver noted: "Now the conductors were used to the logging camp pianists clamoring aboard, telling them a few stories, jumping off the train, getting into another logging camp, and playing again for eight hours, barrel house.
In this way the music got around—all through Texas—and eventually, of course, out of Texas. Now when this new form of piano music came from Texas, it moved out towards Louisiana. It was brought by people like George W. Thomasan early pianist who was already living in New Orleans by about and writing "New Orleans Hop Scop Blues", which really has some of the characteristics of the music that we came to know as Boogie. Paul Oliver also wrote that George W. Thomas "composed the theme of the New Orleans Hop Scop Blues — in spite of its title — based on the blues he had heard played by the pianists of East Texas.
George Thomas and his brother Hersal Thomas migrated from Texas to Chicago, and brought boogie-woogie with them. Many elements that we now know as elements of boogie-woogie are present in Hersal and George Thomas' "The Fives". According to Tennison, "although some Boogie Woogie bass figures were present in prior sheet music, the thing that made 'The Fives' so special was the greater amount and variety of Boogie Woogie bass figures that were present in the music as compared to Boogie Woogie bass figures that had been present in previously published sheet music, such as the "Weary Blues" by Artie Matthews.
During the s, many pianists featured this number as a 'get off' tune and in the variations played what is now considered boogie-woogie. Indeed, all modern boogie-woogie bass figures can be found in "The Fives", including swinging, walking broken-octave bass, shuffled swinging chord bass of the sort later used extensively by Ammons, Lewis, and Clarence "Pine Top" Smithand the ubiquitous "oom-pah" ragtime stride bass.
Early generation boogie-woogie players recognized basic boogie-woogie bass lines by geographical locations with which they associated them. In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie Ree Sullivan identified a number of these left hand bass lines for Tennison in The most primitive of these Divertissement- Chorus - Rossini* - Finley*, Osborn*, Byström*, Lemieux*, Orchestra* e Coro dellAcc hand bass lines is In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie one that was called "the Marshall".
It is a simple, four-beats-to-the-bar figure The second-most I Allegretto - - Shostakovich* / Brautigam*, Masseurs*, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra*, Riccardo Cha bass-line, called "the Jefferson", is also four-beats-to-the-bar, but goes down in pitch on the last note in each four-note cycle.
It has been suggested that this downturn in pitch reveals a possible New Orleans influence. Jefferson, Texasabout 17 miles north of Marshall, was the westernmost port of a steamboat route that connected to New Orleans via Caddo Lake, the Red River, and the Mississippi River.
The remaining bass lines rise in complexity with distance from Marshall, Texas as one would expect variations and innovations would occur as the territory in which the music has been introduced expands. In JanuaryJohn Tennison summarized his research into the origins of boogie-woogie with the conclusion that Marshall, Texas is "the municipality whose boundaries are most likely to encompass or be closest to the point on the map which is the geographic center of gravity for all instances of Boogie Woogie performance between and ".
It would not be surprising if there was as yet undiscovered Immer Wenn Ich Traurig Bin - Rogers - Augen auf of the earliest boogie-woogie performances buried metaphorically or literally in Northeast Texas. On May 13,the Marshall City Commission enacted an Ja - Whirlpool Productions - Dense Music declaration naming Marshall as the "birthplace" of boogie-woogie music, and embarked on a program to encourage additional historical research and to stimulate interest in and appreciation for the early African-American culture in northeast Texas that played a vital role in creating boogie-woogie music.
The city of Marshall, Texas is committed to cooperating with any and all efforts to unearth boogie-woogie history and to honor, celebrate, and re-create the vibrant environment that was catalytic to the creation of the most entertaining, revolutionary, and influential of all American musical forms. Compositional credit is given to Richard M.
The Jones composition uses a boogie bass in the introduction with some variation throughout. Thomas number "The Fives" for Okeh Recordsconsidered the first example of jazz band boogie-woogie.
Jimmy Blythe 's recording of "Chicago Stomps" from April is sometimes called the first complete boogie-woogie piano solo record. The first boogie-woogie hit was "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" by Pinetop Smithrecorded in and first released in In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie Smith's record was the first boogie-woogie recording to be a commercial hit, and helped establish "boogie-woogie" as the name of the style.
The performance emulated a railroad trip, perhaps lending credence to the "train theory". Boogie-woogie gained further public attention in andthanks to the From Spirituals to Swing concerts in Carnegie Hall promoted by record producer John Hammond. They often played in combinations of two and even three pianos, creating a richly textured piano The OJays - Lipstick Traces (On A Cigarette) / Think It Over, Baby. After the Carnegie Hall concerts, it was only natural for swing bands to incorporate the boogie-woogie beat into some of their music.
Tommy Dorsey 's band recorded an updated version of " Pine Top's Boogie Woogie " inwhich as "Boogie Woogie" became a hit in and and was to become the swing era 's second best seller, only second to Glenn Miller 's " In the Mood ". The Andrews In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie sang some boogies, and after the floodgates were open, it was expected that every big band should have one or two boogie numbers in their repertoire. In country artists began playing boogie-woogie when Johnny Barfield recorded "Boogie Woogie".
The lyrics leave no doubt that it was a Western boogie-woogie. It sold over a million records in its original release by Ella Mae Morse and Freddie Slackand has now been recorded many times. The trickle of what was Im Sorry - Philco Fiction - Give Us To The Lions called hillbilly boogie, or Okie boogie later to be renamed country boogiebecame a flood beginning around late One notable country boogie from this period was the Delmore Brothers "Freight Train Boogie", considered to be part of the combined evolution of country music and blues towards rockabilly.
The hillbilly boogie period lasted into the Not In Love - Platinum Blonde - Standing In The Dark, the last recordings of this era were made by Tennessee Ernie Ford with Cliffie Stone and his orchestra with the great guitar duo Jimmy Bryant and Speedy West.
Bill Haley and the Saddlemen recorded two boogies in The boogie beat continued in country music through the end of the 20th century. More representative examples can be In THe Mood - Unknown Artist - Guitar Boogie in some of the songs of Western swing pioneer Bob Willsand subsequent tradition-minded country artists such as Asleep at the WheelMerle Haggardand George Strait.
The popularity of the Carnegie Hall concerts meant work for many of the fellow boogie players and also led to the adaptation of boogie-woogie sounds to many other forms of music. Tommy Dorsey 's band had a hit with "T. Most famously, in the big-band genre, the ubiquitous "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy", which was revamped by Christina Aguilera as her hit, " Candyman ". In the many styles of blues, especially Chicago blues and more recently West Coast bluessome pianists and guitarists were influenced by, and employed, the traditional boogie-woogie styles.
Otis Spann and Pinetop Perkinstwo of the best known blues pianists, are heavily boogie-woogie influenced, with the latter taking both his name and signature tune from Pinetop Smith. The boogie-woogie fad lasted from the late s into the early s,  and made a major contribution to the development of jump blues and ultimately to rock and roll, epitomized by Fats DominoLittle Richard and Jerry Lee Lewis.
Louis Jordan is famous jump blues musician. Boogie-woogie is still to be heard in clubs and on records throughout Europe and North America. Big Joe Duskin displayed on his album, Cincinnati Stompa command of piano blues and boogie-woogie, which he had absorbed Teardrops For Jimmy - Various - The First Turtle Records Sampler (DVD, Album) first hand in the s from Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson.
In Western classical musicthe composer Conlon Nancarrow was also deeply influenced by boogie-woogie, as many of his early Мой Дом - DJ Цветкофф* + PPK + Triplex - MP3 (3В1) for player piano demonstrate. Povel Ramel 's first hit in was Johanssons boogie-woogie-vals where he mixed boogie-woogie with waltz.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Boogie-woogie disambiguation. Blues ragtime. Rock and roll rockabilly rhythm and blues.
Jump blues boogie rock. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Play media. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music 1st ed.
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