Those who gazed upon her face would turn to stone. Most sources describe her as the daughter of Phorcys and Ceto though the author Hyginus makes her the daughter of Gorgon and Ceto. The 2nd-century BCE novelist Dionysios Skytobrachion puts her somewhere in Libyawhere Herodotus had said the Berbers originated her myth, as part of their religion.
Medusa was beheaded by the hero Perseuswho thereafter used her head, which retained its ability to turn onlookers to stone, as a weapon  until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield. In classical antiquity the image of the head of Medusa appeared in the evil-averting device known as the Gorgoneion.
The three Gorgon sisters—Medusa, Sthenoand Euryale —were all children of the ancient marine deities Phorcys or "Phorkys" and The Kiss Of Medusa (Android Mix) - Luca Antolini DJ Presents Roland Brant - The Kiss Of Medusa sister Ceto or "Keto"chthonic monsters from an archaic world.
Their genealogy is shared with other sisters, the Graeaeas in Aeschylus 's Prometheus Boundwhich places both trinities of sisters far off "on Despair Tears And Blood - Cień - Time Of Anti-Humanity dreadful plain":. Near them their sisters three, the Gorgons, winged With snakes for hair— hatred of mortal man—.
While ancient Greek vase-painters and relief carvers imagined Medusa and her sisters as having monstrous form, sculptors and vase-painters of the fifth century began to envisage her as being beautiful as well as terrifying. In an ode written in BC Pindar already speaks of "fair-cheeked Medusa".
In a late version of the Medusa myth, related by the Roman poet Ovid Metamorphoses 4. In most versions of the story, she was beheaded by the hero Perseuswho was sent to fetch her head by King Polydectes of Seriphus because Polydectes wanted to marry Perseus's mother. The gods were well aware of this, and Perseus received help.
He received a mirrored shield from Athenagold, winged sandals from Hermesa sword from Hephaestus and Hades 's helm of invisibility. Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena. During that time, Medusa was pregnant by Poseidon. When Perseus beheaded her, Pegasusa winged horse, The Kiss Of Medusa (Android Mix) - Luca Antolini DJ Presents Roland Brant - The Kiss Of Medusa Chrysaora giant wielding a golden sword, sprang from her body.
Jane Ellen Harrison argues that "her potency only begins when her head is severed, and that potency resides in the head; she is in a word a mask with a body later appended In the Odyssey xi, Homer does not specifically mention the Gorgon Medusa:. Harrison's translation states "the Gorgon was made out of the terror, not the terror out of the Gorgon. According to Ovidin northwest Africa, Perseus flew past the Titan Atlaswho stood holding the sky aloft, and transformed him into stone when he tried to attack him.
Furthermore, the poisonous vipers of the Saharain the Argonautica 4. The blood of Medusa also spawned the Amphisbaena a horned dragon-like creature with a snake-headed tail. Perseus then flew to Seriphos, where his mother was being forced The Kiss Of Medusa (Android Mix) - Luca Antolini DJ Presents Roland Brant - The Kiss Of Medusa marriage with the king, Polydectes, who was turned into stone by the head.
Then Perseus gave the Gorgon's head to Athena, who placed it on her shield, the Aegis. Some classical references refer to three Gorgons; Harrison considered that the tripling of Medusa into a trio of sisters was Surface I - Multicast Dynamics - Scape secondary feature in the myth:.
The triple form is not primitive, it is merely an instance of a general tendency The two unslain sisters are mere appendages due to custom; the real Gorgon is Medusa. A number of early classics scholars interpreted the myth of Medusa as a quasi-historical — "based on or reconstructed from an event, custom, style, etc.
The legend of Perseus beheading Medusa means, specifically, that "the Hellenes overran the goddess's chief shrines" and "stripped her priestesses of their Gorgon masks", the latter being apotropaic faces worn to frighten away the profane. That is to say, there occurred in the early thirteenth century B.
The terror of Medusa is thus a terror of castration that is linked to the sight of something. Numerous analyses have made us familiar with the occasion for this: it occurs when a boy, who has hitherto been unwilling to believe the threat of castration, catches sight of the female genitals, probably those of an adult, surrounded by hair, and essentially those of his mother.
Looking at forbidden mother in her hair-covered genitals, so to speak stiffens the subject in illicit desire and freezes him in terror of the Father's retribution. There are Kimbanda - Irmãos Almeida - Kimbanda recorded instances of Medusa turning a woman to stone.
Archetypal literary criticism continues to find psychoanalysis useful. Beth Seelig analyzes Medusa's punishment from the aspect of the crime of having been raped rather than having willingly consented in Athena's temple as an outcome of the goddess' unresolved conflicts with her own father, Zeus.
In When I Think Of You - Enrico Pieranunzi, Marc Johnson, Joey Baron - Live In Japan 20th century, feminists reassessed Medusa's appearances in literature and in modern culture, including the use of Medusa as a logo by fashion company Versace.
In one interview after another we were told that Medusa is 'the most horrific woman in the world' Medusa's visage has since been adopted by many women as a symbol of female rage; one of the first publications to express this idea was a feminist journal called Women: A Journal of Liberation in their issue one, volume six for The cover featured the image of the Gorgon Medusa by Froggi Lupton, which the editors on the inside cover explained "can be a map to guide us through our terrors, through the depths of our anger into the sources of our power as women.
Its purpose Always A Flame - Gene Loves Jezebel - In The Afterglow (Live) to act as a guardian for female power, keeping the book solely in the hands of women. Stephen Wilk, author of Medusa: Solving the Mystery of the Gorgonquestioned Medusa's enduring status among the feminist movement.
He believes that one reason for her longevity may be her role as a protector, fearsome and enraged. Even in contemporary pop culture, Medusa has become largely synonymous with feminine rage. Through many of her iterations, Medusa pushes back against a story that seeks to place the male, Perseus, at its center, blameless and heroic. A story of victim blaming, one that she says sounds all too familiar in a current American context.
Medusa is widely known as a monstrous creature with snakes in her hair whose gaze turns men to stone. Through the lens of theology, film, art, and feminist literature, my students and I map how her meaning has shifted over time and across cultures. In so doing, we unravel a familiar narrative thread: In Western culture, strong women have historically been imagined as threats requiring male conquest and control, and Medusa herself has long been the go-to figure for those seeking to demonize female authority.
Cixous calls writing "an act which will not only 'realize' the decensored relation of woman to her sexuality, to her womanly being, giving her access to her native strength; it will give her back her goods, her pleasures, her organs, her immense bodily territories which have been kept under seal.
Inscribe the breath of the whole woman. She's beautiful and she's laughing. Medusa has sometimes appeared as representing notions of scientific determinism and nihilismespecially in contrast with romantic idealism. I cannot help remembering a remark of De Casseres.
It was over the wine in Mouquin's. Said he: "The profoundest instinct in man is to war against the truth; that is, against the Real.
He shuns facts from his infancy. His life is a perpetual evasion. Miracle, chimera and to-morrow keep him alive. He lives on fiction and myth. It is the Lie that makes him free. Animals alone are given the privilege of lifting the veil of Isis ; men dare not. The animal, awake, has no fictional escape from the Real because he has no imagination. From Medusa-Truth he makes an appeal to Maya-Lie. Medusa remained a common theme in art in the nineteenth century, when her myth was retold in Thomas Bulfinch 's Mythology.
The head of Medusa is featured on some regional symbols. One example is that of the flag and emblem of Sicilytogether with the three legged trinacria. The inclusion of Medusa in the center implies the protection of the goddess Athenawho wore the Gorgon's likeness on her aegisas said The Kiss Of Medusa (Android Mix) - Luca Antolini DJ Presents Roland Brant - The Kiss Of Medusa.
Another example is the coat of arms Non dici niente - Umberto Alongi - 3 minuti (CD, Album, Album) Dohalice village in the Czech Republic. Ceremonial French military uniform belt of World War I. Medusa is honored in the following scientific names : . The petrifying image of Medusa makes an instantly recognizable feature in popular culture. Medusa has been featured in several works of fiction, including video games, movies, cartoons and books.
In particular, the designer Versace 's symbol is reflected through the Medusa-head symbol. It was chosen because she represents beauty, art, and philosophy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Medusa disambiguation. Main article: Cultural depictions of Medusa and Gorgons. Flag of Sicily. Cribb Lulworthia medusa var. Main articles: Cultural depictions of Medusa and Gorgons and Greek mythology in popular culture. If not, it is from the same root, and is The Kiss Of Medusa (Android Mix) - Luca Antolini DJ Presents Roland Brant - The Kiss Of Medusa after the participle.
OED revision, s. Retrieved Atlas, with all Emma Daumas - Si Tu Savais bulk, was changed into stone.
Noted by Marjorie J. Milne in discussing a red-figured vase in the style of Polygnotosca. Art in this respect lagged behind poetry. Harris, Stephen L. Classical Mythology: Images and Insights. New York: Mayfield Publishing The Greek Myths. Penguin Books. A large part of Greek myth is politico-religious history. Bellerophon masters winged Pegasus and kills the Chimaera.
Perseus, in a variant of the same legend, flies through the air and beheads Pegasus's mother, the Gorgon Medusa; much as Marduk, a Babylonian hero, kills the she-monster Tiamat, Goddess of the Seal. Perseus's name should properly be spelled Perseus, 'the destroyer'; and he was not, as Professor Kerenyi has suggested, an archetypal Death-figure but, probably, represented the patriarchal Hellenes who invaded Greece and Asia Minor early in the second millennium BC, and challenged the power of the Triple-goddess.
Pegasus had been sacred to her because the horse with its moon-shaped hooves figured in the rain-making ceremonies and the installment of sacred kings; his wings were symbolical of a celestial nature, rather than speed.
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